In modern societies, extractive industries play a major role. Nearly all fields rely on the mining of industrially required minerals and stones. But not only the materials themselves are a valuable resource – the natural environment, out of which these are taken, bears an immense potential for nature. Responsible primary production should therefore include efficient restoration and recultivation in the areas of extraction, to ensure the conservation and facilitation of biological diversity.
Quarries for example can be valuable habitats for many animal and plant species, when recultivated and restored to a state as nature-orientated as possible. This means that in the planning phase, a biodiversity management plan should be included already. At the quarrying sites themselves, many possibilities exist to create new habitats and foster biological diversity. Important goals are:
- Creation of chances for a spontaneous settling of animal and plant species
- Fostering of natural development processes
- Decrease of plantations and artificial seedings
In this process, the education about and the inclusion of the local company staff in the activities is the basis for successful environmental protection actions. A long-term monitoring concept of the environment helps to observe the effects and if necessary adapt the measures. Conservation of biological diversity is rooted in local processes. If raw material companies get in contact with local authorities, environmental activists or initiatives that focus on biodiversity in the mining area, they can profit from their partners’ experience and use their support to conserve and strengthen local-specific ecosystems.