Olivares de viver

Olivares de viver

Viver, Castellón

The Pilot Farms of "Olivares de Viver" are located in the municipality of Viver, in the province of Castellón. The cooperative of Viver was founded in 1990 to bring together the small artisanal mills existing in the town and set up a modern olive mill to produce an extra virgin olive oil of the highest quality. It has about 500 members and associates who grow olive groves of different varieties in an extensive and conventional regime.

Part of the municipality is overlapped with the space of the Natura 2000 Network called "Alt Palància" (ES5223005), although the area is predominantly forest and river with little direct impact on the Pilot Farms. It is a mountainous area in the foothills of the Javalambre massif with important forest masses dominated by pine forests of black pine, juniper and holm oak. The Palancia River also offers a natural and landscape framework of great relevance to this environment, with well-preserved riparian habitats and rocky outcrops of great interest for the nesting of raptors.

Although, the olive fields under study in this project are not entirely within the limits of the LIC, their relationship in this described environment is undeniable. It is also the expressed will of the Cooperativa de Viver, the integration of their agricultural productions in this natural environment of high natural, cultural and landscape value.


These are olive trees irrigated (70-80%) and rain-fed (30-20%), mainly of the Serrana, Picual and Arbequina varieties used for oil production. La Serrana is an endemic variety of the region of Alto Palancia highly appreciated for its organoleptic characteristics, being the Cooperativa de Viver pioneer in the development of a monovarietal line of oil based on the Serrana: “Aceite de Lágrima”

The plots and the plantation frames obey to extensive olive cultivation patterns in most cases with densities ranging from 80 trees per hectare to more than 200 trees per hectare.

Cultivation area
Pilot farms have a surface of 13,3 ha of UAS

Cultivation types
Conventional farming

Actions developed within the project

  • First visit of contact
  • Hotspot Analysis
  • Baseline report
  • Second visit and Questionnaire on Biodiversity Performance Tool
  • Biodiversity Action Plan on writing