Tools and methods for biodiversity management
I - Exploring your status-quo and biodiversity linkages
In the start phase your company will need to understand its status quo with regard to sustainability. Part of this phase is an initial assessment of its dependence and impact(s) on biodiversity and ecosystem services.
- Which methods can you use to measure your company's interdependence with biodiversity?
- Which methods do your corporate peers have in place to integrate biodiversity into management?
- Which policies do you have in place?
- How does your company depend on biodiversity directly and indirectly?
- Which direct or indirect impacts does your company have on biodiversity?
Assessing Dependence and Impacts
The most important part of this step is the assessment of the dependence and impacts on biodiversity. It is important to recognize that companies depend on biodiversity and have at the same time an impact on biodiversity. Both impacts and the dependence can be direct or indirect. A mining company has for example a direct impact on natural habitats through its mining operations, but a car producer has an indirect impact through its procurement of steel from the same mine. Fishing companies depend for their wild catch directly on maritime biodiversity, but a supermarket only indirectly.
A company's impacts can stem from a vast array of fields. It is thus necessary to perform an in-depth analysis of the current state of the company and the resulting effects on the environment and biodiversity. Such an assessment will encompass the entire company, from the production process to procurement, from marketing to human resources. The analysis can be done with the help of external consultants when no in-house expertise is present.
The EBBC offers the Biodiversity Check
that provides a first overview on the company's relation to biodiversity regarding opportunities, impacts and risks. You can find more information here.
The Business and Biodiversity Interdependence IndicatorThe Business and Biodiversity Interdependence Indicator (BBII) was developed by the Orée Institute for companies to perform a self assessment in order to determine direct and indirect interactions with biodiversity and ecosystems. It has mainly been performed by companies from various industry sectors and local governmental authorities in France. The method will later on be expanded to form a biodiversity accountability framework.
The European Business and Biodiversity Campaign offers to implement basic biodiversity assessment for companies of specific industry sectors. Currently this Biodiversity Check is developed for Tour operators and is operational since the second half of 2010. Moreover, a number of tools such as ARIES, inVEST or IBAT are being developed and tested that can help to facilitate a companies' biodiversity and ecosystem impact assessment.
For further information click here.
The Ecosystem Services Benchmark The Ecosystem Services Benchmarking tool was developed by the Natural Value Initiative in collaboration with investors from Europe, Brazil, the USA and Australia. Designed to evaluate investment risk and opportunity associated with biodiversity and ecosystem services impacts and dependence in the food, beverage and tobacco sector, it offers investors unprecedented access to information on corporate biodiversity and ecosystem services risk and opportunity management.
The Ecosystem Services Benchmark (ESB) is aimed primarily at asset managers, but can also inform the banking and insurance sectors. Using it to assess companies within an investment portfolio will enable investors to identify companies that are proactively managing these risks and opportunities, and those that have not yet responded. It has a secondary application for companies within the food, beverage and tobacco sectors for which it provides a strategic framework within which to consider the issue. By using it, companies will learn how to communicate more effectively with investors, gain greater reward for sustainable sourcing and facilitate effective management of an issue of increasing significance.
Go to > Step II - Analysing your biodiversity management