Automotive Sector

Relations of the automotive sector to biodiversity are multifaceted and expand along the value creation chain. Along the path of raw material extraction over production and use to waste management of automobiles there are a range of ecological impacts of high relevance to biodiversity conservation. Especially the exploitation of raw materials is often related to serious direct intrusions into ecosystems and habitats.

Additionally, the demand of rare earths will rise by the ongoing spreading of electro mobility. A lot of the mining sites are located in countries of particular species richness and fragile ecosystems.

Use of automobiles adds by polluting emissions, while the necessary infrastructure itself already accounts for the fragmentation of ecosystems and habitats.

Risks

The sector depends directly as well as indirectly on biological diversity, intact ecosystems and ecosystem services, such as:
This should resolve in the consideration of ecological and social interests for the exploitation of raw materials, which can be stated in the "license to operate”.

Chances

The automobile sectors many with their contact points to biodiversity also provide a wide range of opportunities, such as:

Case Studies

Daimler
Daimler considers biodiversity conservation as an essential task of corporate measures for environmental protection and is set to devise a concept of site development considering biodiversity aspects. In that course the company wishes to investigate systematically its corporate sites and is keen to develop a biodiversity index to categorize sites by ecological value. In the framework of the European Business and Biodiversity Campaign Daimler conducted the Biodiversity Check on the Sindelfingen areal as one of the leading biodiversity advocats for the course of corporate biodiversity protection. More information can be found in the Daimler & Biodiversity case study.

Volkswagen
Biodiversity has already been adopted to the canon of corporate targets by Volkswagen in 2007. Additionally a broad biodiversity mission statement has been compiled. VW is also member of the german biodiversity initiative "Biodiversity in Good Company (BiGC)” and obligated itself to implement a corporate biodiversity management and the support of CBD targets by signing the leadership statement. In cooperation with several partners VW executed biodiversity risk analysis for different sites, measuring the corporate production based emissions on biodiversity.

Literature

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